Bakers do a variety of jobs related to baking. Most often, recipes are used, changed if necessary and a suitable processing method is chosen at any given time; kneading, stirring, whipping or shaping. Bakers receive ingredients, sort and evaluate them, determine temperature and baking time and service customers. Baking is a certified profession.

The most common workplaces for bakers are bakeries, restaurants, hotels and confectioneries.

Main tasks

– baking bread
– making cakes, pies, confectionery, candy and desserts
– baking pastries and biscuits
– decoration and production of fast food
– catering and buffets
– cleaning and disinfection of housing and equipment

Competence requirements

A baker needs to know the most common ingredients, how to handle them and their health and nutritional value. It is important to be able to calculate the price of goods and services and show responsibility regarding hygiene in the workplace and customer service.

The Icelandic Food and Restaurant Association – Matvæla- og veitingafélag Íslands


Menntaskólinn í Kópavogi (Kópavogur College) offers a study program in baking. The average duration of study is four years. In addition, a two-year undergraduate course in food sciences is taught at Verkmenntaskólinn á Akureyri (Akureyri Comprehensive College). Validation of prior learning has taken place and/or may be available.

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